The term Nanobiotechnology refers to the combination of nanotechnology and biology. The concepts that are enhanced through nanobiology include: Nanoparticle, Nano device and Nano scale phenomena that occurs within the discipline of nanotechnology. This approach to biology allows scientists to imagine and create systems that can be used for biological research. Revolutionary opportunities and future scope of nanobiotechnology are gaining its utmost importance in nano life sciences.

Applications in pharmaceuticals and molecular diagnostics, include drug delivery, drug discovery and drug development. Nanobiotechnology has extending the limits of detection to single molecules by refining the current molecular diagnostics. Nanoparticles play a vital role in the delivery of biological treatments, which include gene therapy, RNA interference, cell therapy, vaccines, and antisense therapeutics. The most promising application of nanobiotechnology is for the development of customized drugs. The combination of diagnostics with therapeutics, refinement of molecular diagnostics, and targeted drug delivery play important roles in this application. At last, the safety issues of nanoparticles are discussed including measures to address these. The prospects of nanobiotechnology are incredible.